Rape is an annual plant, oil and fodder crop of the Crucifers family.
Currently, in many countries, rape is grown primarily as oil crop andused for the production of oil.
Rapeseed oil is valuable since it is rich in polysaturated fatty acids, these substances facilitate strengthening of the walls of blood vessels and reduction of blood cholesterol, prevent the risk of thrombosis. It is used in cosmetics as an excellent softening and retrieving agent, as well as for production of margarine, drying oils, in metallurgical, soap, leather and textile industries.
Rape is also used as a fodder crop; it is used for green mass, hay and grass meal in the pure form or mixed with other plants. Furthermore, rapeseed is a good pasture crop for pigs and sheep, as it rapidly grows and is rich in protein, containing sulfur. Sheep grazing on crops of oilseed rape reduces their incidence and increases the yield of wool and meat. Rape is a green manure and a great, early spring honey plant.
Contaminants: immature rape, rape without shell, moldy seeds, particles of leaves, stems, pods, barnyardgrass.