Buckwheat — a genus of plants of the buckwheat family, the most important cereal crop, valuable honey plant. Buckwheat is the raw material for the production of valuable food — buckwheat and flour. Of buckwheat grain they produce: grits — unground, which is whole buckwheat kernel free from the bran covering, crushed grain — the product of crushing the kernel, Smolensk grits – highly-floured grain.
Buckwheat has a high nutritional value, easy digestibility and good taste. Due to the presence of vitamin E buckwheat has long shelf life without losing its nutritional qualities, but by the content of fat in the buckwheat exceeds other cereals apart from millet.
Buckwheat flour suits for baking pancakes, tortillas, some varieties of cookies and making pasta.
Waste mill products (bran, feeble grain, flour dust) are used as a concentrate feed for animals and birds. Husk is used as fuel, livestock bedding, sometimes as fodder.
Contaminants: mineral mixture (sand, gravel, ore particles, slag, pieces of soil), Tartary buckwheat, wild oats, stems, dead pests of grain stocks, wheat, rye, barley, oats, spoiled, moldy and burnt grain, unhulled grain, fractured kernels.