Pea — is an annual self-pollinated herbage plant of legume family, grain legume. Pea is quite demanding to the soil waters. Thanks to the strong root system it is resistant to short-term droughts.
There are two main groups of peas: round-seeded peas and edible peas.
Round-seeded species differ from edible ones in fibrous layer on the inner side of bean orals which make them inedible. Such peas are grown for green peas for canning.
Sugar species do not have the partition (fibrous layer) and are grown for immature beans. Immature, tender whole beans without hulling seeds are edible. There is also a semi-edible type of vegetable pea where the fibrous layer is weak and visible only in the dried beans.
Pea is cultivated as a high-protein food and fodder plant. For eating peas is used in the form of immature seeds (green peas), as well as fresh, canned, dry and frozen form. Fodder species (green mass, hay, grain) as well as pea straw and chaff are fed to livestock.
Contaminants: mineral mixture (stones and pieces of soil), spoiled peas seeds, moldy, rotten, corroded by grain pests,unhulled seeds, field pea, oats, wheat, stems.