Vetch is a perennial, less often annual, herbal plant belonging to the legume family. It is undemanding to the heat and tolerates frost. It loves moisture, more in the flowering stage, in the period of greatest increase in weight of the plant. It grows well on all types of soil, except for highly saline, acidic and waterlogged ones.
Out of the many varieties the most common one in Russian agriculture is common or fodder vetch (other names: wild, crane, tufted and sparrow vetch, chick-pea, oxycoccus etc.) — spring and winter, annual plant.
Vetch is cultivated for grains containing starch and protein substances, as well as for stems and leaves. This is a fodder grass providing nutritious food with high protein content. Vetch is grown for hay, green fodder, silage and grain. Vetch is a good forecrop for the grain crops and widely used for crops in fallow fields as
Contaminants: moldy seeds, husks and parts of plants, seeds of the peas, soybeans, chickpea, vetchling, beans, barley and wheat, as well as bird rape, field mustard, corncockle. Despite the fact that GOST allows to have about 2-3% of grain and impurity mixtures, color sorter can reduce this value to minimum and remove the vetch with damaged glumes